Freshwater Fish Care Sheet Library
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Chinese Algae Eater
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Freshwater Angelfish Care SheetPage Title Module
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Common Name (s): Silver Tip, Silver Tipped Tetra, Copper Tetra
Scientific Name: Hasemania Nana
Temperature: 72-82F / 22-28C
Temperament/Behavior: Peaceful active schooling fish
Max Size: 1.5-2"
Min. Tank Size: 20G Long / 75.7L
Tank Region: All over but mostly mid level
Gender Identification: Males appear more colorful then females
Compatibility: Peaceful community
Experience Level: Good for beginners
Info: This is a striking active little Tetra that enjoys a planted...02-05-2014, 04:42 PM
Common Name(s): Electric Yellow Lab Scientific Name(s): Labidochromis Caeruleus Origin: the north side of Lions cove, Lake Malawi Size: 5 inches Minimum Aquarium Size: 50 gl Aquarium Layout: sand is recommended along with many rocks and caves for hiding and getting away from other tankmates. Natural Habitat: among the rocks along the shallow banks of Lake Malawi. Description: The Yellow Lab is one of the more popular Cichlids in the hobby due to its stunning bright yellow coloring and mild manner. The latter makes this African Cichlid a compatible tankmate for literally hundreds of cichlids. Behavior: Mildly Aggressive Tank-mate...10-15-2013, 11:43 AM
Common Name: Severum, Banded Cichlid, Hero Cichlid
Scientific Name: Heros Severus
Origin: South America
Temperament/Behavior: Mild mannered but can be territorial if breeding
Max Size: 6” / 15cm
Min. Tank Size: 55 US Gal / 208.18L or larger is better if keeping a pair
Tank Region: Middle, bottom
Diet: Omnivore; excepts pellets, flake foods, blood worms and veggies such as lettuce
Identification: Spade-shaped body w/ vertical black bars
Gender Identification: Males are larger with a more pointed...09-22-2013, 08:01 PM
Written by EverythingAquatic Moderators
Common Name (s): Emerald Catfish, Green Catfish, Emerald Cory, Green Cory
Scientific Name: Brochis splendens
Temperature: 71-82 F (22-28 C)
Temperament/Behavior: Peaceful, Schooler
Max Size: 3 inch (8 cm)
Min. Tank Size: 20 gallons (76 liters)
Tank Region: Bottom
Gender Identification: Females are rounder
Compatibility: Stock with other peaceful fish
Experience Level: Beginner
...09-06-2013, 04:05 PM
Common Name: Kribensis, Krib, Purple Cichlid, P. Pulcher
Scientific Name: Pelvicachromis Pulcher
Family: Cichlidae (African Cichlid)
Temperature: 75° - 81° F (24° - 27° C)
Temperament/Behavior: Relatively Peaceful
Max Size: Males up to 4” (10cm) / Females up to 3” (7cm)
Minimum Tank Size: 20 Gallons
Tank Region: Bottom
Gender Identification: Male has a long, slender body. The caudal and dorsal fins are more pointed than the female. The female has a shorter, rounder body and is more intensely colored. When spawning, the red...08-26-2013, 04:22 PM
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Freshwater Angelfish Care SheetVery widely recognized and popular fish in the aquarium trade due to the distinctive shape of the freshwater angelfish. When their basic needs are met, angels make an excellent addition to the aquarium. Freshwater angelfish come in a wide variety of colors. The wild type is known as a Silver Angel. The latest development being the Philippine Blue. Currently under development is a true red angel. The key to successful freshwater angelfish care is managing the nitrogen levels to keep them at a minimum.
Common Name(s): Angelfish, Angels, Freshwater Angels
Scientific Name(s): Pterophyllum scalare, Pterophyllum altum, Pterophyllum leopoldi
Origin: Most commonly in the Amazon River, but are found in the Orinoco River basin in South America
Size: 6 inches in body size alone on average, but can grow larger
Minimum Aquarium Size: 20G Tall for a single angel; 30G for a pair
Natural Habitat: River basins forming swamps or flooded grounds with clear or black water and heavy vegetation
Description: Flat disc shaped fish with elongated dorsal and anal fins. Body shape made it easier for them to swim around in their natural habitat. In today's aquarium trade, there are many phenotypes that have been developed to produce the wide color varieties available.
Behavior: Semi aggressive fish that make good community specimens. But, do not keep them with anything small enough to fit into their mouth. They have a voracious appetite and will out compete less aggressive fish for food.
Tankmates: Many so long as they are large enough to not fit into an angel's mouth. Larger Tetras, Corys, Rams, Red Cherry or Gold Barbs, etc. Also, avoid known fin nippers. Do not keep with Danios, Tiger Barbs.
General Care: Angels have a reputation to be difficult to care for. But they really are easy! Angels are very sensitive to nitrogen waste (ammonia, nitrite and nitrate). They do best when kept in a tank with 20PPM nitrate or less and no measurable ammonia or nitrite. Temps 77-82F (25-30C); pH 8.0 or lower; prefer soft water but can be acclimated to moderately hard water. Angels really shine in a planted tank too.
Feeding: They eat just about anything! Flakes, pellets, algae wafers, shrimp pellets, live foods such as tiny fish, shrimp, even fresh fruits and vegetables.
Diseases: Angels are susceptible to many diseases. But keep them in the right environment with a variety of foods, including fresh garlic, and they will thrive disease free.
Breeding: With a mated pair, breeding is actually easy. Some parents will care for their eggs and raise the young while others never quite get the hang of it.
Sexing: Very difficult, but there are certain traits that are helpful in determining sex. The only way to be 100% confident is to watch them breed. The female's papilla will be very thick and blunt while the male's is thin and pointed.
Inducing spawning: First, the mated pair should be conditioned with high quality foods, extra water changes to minimize the waste level of the tank (<10PPM nitrate) and the temperature raised to 80-83F (26-28C). Then, when ready to attempt to induce spawning, do a large water change (>75%) and fill with water that is a couple of degrees cooler.
Care of eggs: When parent raising, small daily water changes. The parents will become aggressive while cleaning the tank, so be prepared! Or artificially raising them yourself. Eggs can be hatched in a 1G jar with an airstone to have constant water circulation around the eggs. Once hatched, the jar will need morning and night water changes.
Egg development: When kept around 80F (26C), the eggs will hatch in 48 hours. They will remain attached to the surface as wrigglers for an additional 5 days before becoming free swimming. If the temperature is under 80F (26C) development will be slower and the egg sack can be used up before they are mature enough to start eating.
Feeding fry: Freshly hatched Napuli (Baby Brine Shrimp) is the best. But can also use Green Water or a powdered food. Survival rates are the greatest with napuli and are the lowest with powdered foods on the market.
Growing out fry: Water changes at least twice a week, if not more often is critical for development. Also, they need enough room to grow. The following is a good guideline:
- Up to 1 week free swimming - 1G, but better in a 2.5-5G tank
- Pea sized - 1/2 gallon for 2-3 fish
- M&M sized - 1/2 gallon for 1-2 fish
- Dime sized - 1 gallon for each fish
- Nickel sized - 5 gallon for each fish
- Quarter sized - 10 gallon for each fish
- Half Dollar sized and larger - 15 gallon for each
- Adults - 20 gallon for the first, 10 gallon for each additional fish
It is possible to crowd youngsters; however, they would require daily water changes or will become stunted.Posting comments is disabled.